Hormonal Replacement in Menopause
Female hormone replacement therapy can be performed with estrogens and progestins, with different doses and prescriptions, depending on the indications and objectives of each type of patient. It aims to relieve discomfort and mitigate the risks caused by menopause.
How Hormone Replacement Therapy Works?
With the arrival of menopause, the woman’s body starts to produce much less female hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone. Typical changes in this phase are the result of this hormonal decline. Not all women need to worry about replacing them, but those who have moderate to severe symptoms can benefit from hormone therapy .
There are many ways to do hormone replacement. Some methods combine the hormones estrogen and progesterone, while others use only estrogen. Replacement can be done in different ways, including pills, gels and patches applied to the skin.
The hormones used, the dosage, the form of administration and the time of use will be determined by the doctor after careful evaluation and taking into account your individual needs. You should be reassessed periodically to adjust the dose. Because of the associated risks, treatment should be carried out for the shortest time and dose possible.
What are the Main Benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy?
Relief of menopausal symptoms – hormone therapy is effective in reducing the frequency and intensity of hot flashes, the hot flashes that arise between 60% to 80% of women during the menopause period. This symptom can impair quality of life and routine. The treatment also improves other common discomforts of this phase, including night sweats.
Improved sex life – Hormone therapy helps improve a woman’s sexual satisfaction by relieving menopausal symptoms, such as vaginal dryness and pain during sex. These symptoms affect about 45% of women in menopause.
Prevention of osteoporosis – Hormone therapy prevents bone loss and reduces the chances of postmenopausal osteoporosis fractures. It can be indicated for the prevention of this problem for women under 60 years.