It is one of the most prevalent diseases today. There are several types, type 2 being the most common. It is related to obesity, physical inactivity and genetics. Risk factors: obesity, family member with diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol. Symptoms may include: excessive thirst, weight loss and excessive urination.
What are the most common types of diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus can present in several ways and has several different types. Regardless of the type of diabetes, with the appearance of any symptom it is essential that the patient urgently seek specialized medical care to start treatment.
What is type 1 diabetes?
It is known that, as a rule, it is a chronic non-transmissible, hereditary disease, which concentrates between 5% and 10% of the total of diabetics in Brazil. About 90% of diabetic patients in Brazil have this type. It manifests more often in adults, but children can also present. Type 1 diabetes usually appears in childhood or adolescence, but it can be diagnosed in adults as well. People with close relatives who have or have had the disease should be tested regularly to monitor blood glucose. Depending on the severity, it can be controlled with physical activity and food planning. In other cases, it requires the use of insulin and / or other medications to control glucose. In such cases, it is necessary to administer insulin daily to regulate the amount of glucose in the blood. The cause of type 1 diabetes is still unknown and the best way to prevent it is with healthy living practices (diet, physical activities and avoiding alcohol, tobacco and other drugs).
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The main symptoms of diabetes are: hunger and excessive thirst and the urge to urinate several times a day. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
What is type 2 diabetes?
type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not properly use the insulin produced. The cause of type 2 diabetes is directly related to overweight , sedentary lifestyle , high triglycerides , hypertension . And inadequate eating habits . Therefore, it is essential to maintain medical monitoring to treat, also, these other diseases, which can appear with diabetes. Adult Latent Autoimmune Diabetes (LADA): Basically affects adults and represents a worsening of type 2 diabetes. It is basically characterized by the development of an autoimmune process in the body, which begins to attack the cells of the pancreas.