What is andropause?
Between the ages of 40 to 55, men may notice symptoms similar to menopause. Unlike women, men do not have a specific symptom, such as interruption of menstruation to mark the transition. However, both are characterized by a drop in hormone levels. Estrogen in women, testosterone in men. Changes occur very gradually in men and may be accompanied by changes in attitudes and moods, fatigue, loss of energy, libido, and physical agility.
Studies show that this decrease in testosterone can carry risks for other health problems, such as heart disease and brittle bones. With this, everything happens at a time in life when many men begin to question their values, achievements and goals in life. It is difficult to see that the changes are related more to hormonal problems than just external conditions.
Unlike menopause , which generally occurs in women between the ages of 45 and 55, the “transition” for men can be much more gradual and lasts for decades. Attitudes, psychological stress, alcohol, accidents, surgery, medications, obesity, and infections can trigger it. With age, the decrease in testosterone levels will occur in practically all men. There is no way to predict who will have andropause symptoms with enough intensity to seek medical help.
It is also not predictable at what age symptoms will occur in a given individual. Each man’s symptoms may also be different.
What are the symptoms of andropause?
- Changes in sexual function : This may include reduced sexual desire, less spontaneous erections, such as during sleep, and reduced fertility. Another sign may be a decrease in the size of the testicles;
- Physical changes : increased body fat, reduced muscle mass and strength, decreased bone density, swelling in the nipple area and loss of body hair are some changes caused For andropause;
- Emotional changes : decreased motivation or self-confidence and therefore sadness and problems with concentration and memory;
- Change in sleep pattern , such as insomnia or increased sleepiness.
Does hormone replacement help alleviate andropause symptoms?
Hormone replacement helps ease the discomfort caused by andropause. But this therapy is only recommended in the absence of natural testosterone. If used incorrectly, this type of treatment can cause infertility or increase the number of red blood cells, increasing the risk of thrombosis and cardiovascular disease.
Maintaining healthy habits, such as having a balanced diet and exercising regularly, helps to avoid the discomfort of andropause and prevent diseases associated with the drop in testosterone production. It is also recommended that men regularly visit the urologist to monitor their health.